School of Engineering and Technology, (SET)

AT81.09 : Optoelectronic Materials and Devices  3(3-0)

Recent advances in photonic devices and fiber optic communication systems have created the need for microelectronics students to have considerable exposure to optoelectronic devices. This course will address the basic principles of common optoelectronic devices including semiconductor lasers, detectors, imaging tubes and optical fibres to lead the students to understand the operation principles and applications of semiconductor lasers, various photonic detectors, imaging devices, fibre optic systems and some modern optoelectronic devices and appreciate the rapidly expanding optoelectronics technology.

Catalog Description:

Optoelectronics and Optical Engineering. Optoelectronic Devices. Optoelectronic materials. Electronic and optical properties of materials. Laser Theory. Semiconductor junctions. Light emitting diodes. Photodetectors. Optoelectronic modulators. 



Course Outline:
I.             Electronic properties of semiconductor materials for optoelectronic devices
1.   Theory and electrical characteristics of semiconductor materials for optoelectronic devices.
II.      Optical properties of selected semiconductor materials
1.      Optical characteristics of some semiconductor materials
2.      Photonic bandgap materials.
III.      P-N junction - the basic structure for optoelectronic device realization
1.   Operation of various junctions including Schottky – barrier contacts
2.      Heterojunctions and their importance to optoelectronic device fabrication.
3.      Solar cells
IV.         Light Emitting Diodes
1.      Operation of LEDs, their structures, and applications.
2.      Homojunctions and heterojuntions
V.     Semiconductor Laser Diodes
1.    Operation of semiconductor laser diodes semiconductor lasers
2.      Types of semiconductor lasers
3.      Multiquatum-well lasers
4.      Beam characteristics and modulation of semiconductor lasers
5.      Role of semiconductor lasers in modern fiber-optic communication systems.
VI.        Photodetectors
1.      Operation of different types of photodetectors
2.      Materials for their fabrication of photodetectors and their applications.
VII.   Optoelectronic Modulators
1.      Electro-Optic effect (linear and quadrature)
2.      Materials that exhibit the E-O effect
3.      Fabrication of optoelectronic modulators (into practical light - intensity and/or phase modulators).
Pallab Bhattacharya:
Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, (2nd Edition) 1996.
J. Piprek:
Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices: Introduction to Physics and Simulation (1st Edition) 2003
Joachim Piprek:
Introduction to Physics and Simulation of Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices,  Academic Press, Incorporated (2003)
Mitsuo Fukuda:
Optical Semiconductor Devices, ISBN: 0471149594, Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated (1998)
Jasprit Singh:
Semiconductor Optoelectronics: Physics and Technology, ISBN: 0070576378, McGraw-Hill Companies (1995)
Shun Lien Chuang:
Physics of Optoelectronic Devices, 2nd edition Wiley; (2009)
Journal of Fiber and Integrated Optics
IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology
IEE Proceedings – Optoelectronics
Grading System:
The final grade will be computed from the following constituent parts:
Mid-term exam (40%)
Final exam (50%) and
Assignments (10%)
Closed-book examination is used for both mid-term and final exam.