School of Environment, Resources and Development, (SERD)

ED76.03 : Forestry  3(3-0)

Not only forests represent a source of wood for building materials and biofuels, they are also important for biodiversity conservation, watershed protection and climate regulation. In recent years, role of forestry in climate change mitigation has increasingly been recognized, especially in the REDD+ Scheme. The objective of the course is to provide students with sound knowledge of the principles of forestry and its practices, forest inventory techniques, forest carbon monitoring and accounting, sustainable forestry and climate change mitigation, and forest financing with particular emphasis on Asia.

Catalog Description:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
1.    Analyze forestry practices for natural forest and forest plantation
2.    Design forest inventory for forest carbon monitoring
3.    Develop forest monitoring and carbon accounting systems useful for estimating carbon emissions or sequestration under the REDD+ scheme
4.    Predict growth and yield of forest plantations
5.    Analyze the roles of community forestry in poverty reduction and sustainable development
6.    Formulate forest management strategies for achieving management objectives


Course Outline:
I.            Background and introduction
1.    Forestry: Definitions
2.    Valuation I: Timber Products and Economy
3.    Valuation II: Non-timber Products and Economy
4.    Valuation III: Environmental Services of Forests
5.    Status of Forests in South and Southeast Asia
6.    The History of Forest Management in Thailand

II.            Forestry in the International Agreements
1.    Forestry in the Kyoto protocol
2.    Forestry in the REDD+ Scheme
3.    Forestry in the Convention on Biodiversity
4.    Forest Financing

III.           Forest Assessment
1.    Land Evaluation for Forestry
2.    Forest Survey and Inventory Methodologies
3.    Analysis of Forest Inventory Data
4.    Growth and Harvesting Modeling
5.    Geographic Information Systems and Forestry
6.    Social and Environmental Impact Assessment of Forestry

IV.          Forest Carbon Assessment
1.    Analysis of Activities Data
2.    Estimation of Emission Factors
3.    Carbon Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation
4.    Carbon Stocks of Conservation Forests
5.    Carbon Stocks through Enhancement
6.    Establishment of Forest Reference Emission Level
7.    Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation
8.    Carbon Emissions from Project Activities

V.           Forest Management Practices
1.    Basics of Clear Cutting
2.    Case Study 1: Clear Cutting in Japan
3.    Basics of Selective Logging
4.    Case Study 2: Conventional Logging vs Reduced Impact Logging
5.    What are Forestry Practice Codes?
6.    Forest Certification Scheme and Timber Verification

VI.         Tropical Plantation Forestry
1.    Nursery and Seed Collection Techniques
2.    Thinning Techniques
3.    Growth and Yield of Forest Plantations
4.    Modeling of Growth and Yield
5.    Ecological Comparisons between Forest Plantations and Natural Forests

VII.         Community-Based Forestry
1.    Indigenous Forest Management Strategies in Asia
2.    Community Forestry
3.    Agroforestry and Home Garden Forestry
Laboratory Sessions:


1.    Montagnini, F., and C.F. Jordan, 2005. Tropical Forest Ecology. The Basis for Conservation and Management, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg.
2.    Sasaki, N., 2012. Tropical Forestry Carbon Benefits, Japan Society of Forest Planning Press, Tokyo.
1.    Günter, S., M. Weber, B. Stimm, and R. Mosandl, 2011. Silviculture in the Tropics (Tropical Forestry), Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg.
2.    Pretzsch, J. and D. Darr, 2014. Forests and Rural Development (Tropical Forestry), Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London.
3.    Sessions, J., 2010. Harvesting Operations in the Tropics (Tropical Forestry), Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London.
4.    Higman, S., J. Mayers, S. Bass, N. Judd, and R. Nussbaum, 2004. The Sustainable Forestry Handbook: A Practical Guide for Tropical Forest Managers on Implementing New Standards, Routledge, London.
5.    Mansourian, S. and D. Vallauri, 2005. Forest Restoration in Landscapes: Beyond Planting Trees, Springer, New York.
6.    Kangas, A. and M. Maltamo (eds.), 2006. Forest Inventory: Methodology and Applications (Managing Forest Ecosystems), Springer, New York.
7.    Hyde, W.F., 2012. The Global Economics of Forestry, Routledge, London. 
1.      Forest Ecology and Management [Elsevier]
2.      Forest Policy and Economics  [Elsevier]
3.      Environmental Science and Policy  [Elsevier]
4.      Conservation Letters [Wiley]
5.      Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability  [Elsevier]
6.      Biotropica [Wiley]

Others: Most recent articles on the related topics will be distributed.

Teaching Method:
1.    Classroom lecturing and invited lectures
2.    Group discussions, group and individual presentations. Prior to each lecture, relevant literatures and handouts will be provided. Students are required to read and propose problems for group presentations and discussions.
3.    Each students will be required to complete two assignments on emergent topics
4.    Field visits will be organized throughout the course
5.    Fieldwork to REDD+ project sites will be organized to expose students to the real world problems.
Grading System:
Two closed-book exams will be conducted with 30% and 40% weight for Mid-semester and Final exams, respectively. Two assignments carrying 10 and 20% weight are to be completed and submitted by individual students.

Grade “A” will be awarded if a student can demonstrate thorough knowledge and mastery of concepts and techniques and understanding of subject matter with high degree of skill to relate them with real world examples. Grade “B” will be awarded if a student can demonstrate good knowledge and mastery of concepts and understanding of subject matter with good skill of relating them with real work cases. Grade “C” will be awarded if a student can demonstrate some knowledge of the concepts and understanding but lacks skill of relating them with real world cases. Grade “D” will be awarded if a student has poor understanding of concepts and techniques with no or little skill to relate with real world cases. Grade “F” will be awarded if student demonstrates very poor and limited knowledge and understanding of concepts and lacks the skill to relate with real world cases.