School of Environment, Resources and Development, (SERD)

ED76.18 : Integrated Natural Resources Planning and Policy  2(2-0)
Course Objectives:

The aim of the course is to provide students with understanding of policy perspectives on natural resource management (NRM), with an insight into the paradigms of resource conservation and sustainable development, and with a policy background to understanding of resource use and planning issues.

Learning Outcomes:

The students on completion of this course will be able to: 

• Analyze NRM issues through a policy lens and develop research-based recommendations 

• Assess stakeholder requirements and deliver policy-relevant research statements 

• Apply scientific results which can support the development of NRM policies 



Course Outline:

I. Introduction to Natural Resource Planning and Policies

1. Objectives of Natural Resource Policies

2. Types of Natural Resource Policies

3. Political Economy and Political Ecology

II. Natural Resource Policy Instruments 

1. Property Rights

2. Taxes and Subsidies

3. Direct Controls

4. Public Production

5. Coase Theorem

III. Local Communities and NRM

1. Interaction between social capital and natural capital

2. Tragedy of the Commons

3. Ostrom’s Principles

IV. International Society and NRM

1.  Prisoner’s dilemma and incentive compatibility

2.  Nash equilibrium and environmental debate

3.  Global Tragedy of the Commons

Laboratory Sessions:



No designated textbook. Class notes will be provided.

Reference Books:

1. Kraft, M. E. 2021. Environmental Policy and Politics. 8th ed. Routledge, Oxfordshire.

2. Manfredo, M.J., Vaske, J.J., Rechkemmer, A., Duke, E.A. 2014. Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration across the Social Sciences, 2014 ed. Springer, Berlin.

3. Daly, H. E. & Farley, J. 2010. Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications. Island Press, Washington D.C. 

Journals and Magazines:

1. Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research [Penn State Univ Press]

2. Ecological Economics [Elsevier] 

3. Food Policy [Elsevier] 

4. Natural Resources Forum [Wiley] 


1. Carney D., Drinkwater M., Rusinow T., Wanmali S., Singh N. 1999. Livelihoods Approaches Compared. CARE, Oxfam and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Department for International Development, London 

2. Hulme M. 2007. The Appliance of Science. The Guardian, 

3. Folke C., Carpenter S., Elmqvist T., Gunderson L., Holling C.S., Walker B. 2002. Resilience and Sustainable Development: Building Adaptive Capacity in a World of Transformations. AMBIO. A Journal of the Human Environment, 31(5), 437-440. 

Time Distribution and Study Load:

Lecture in classroom: 30 hrs

Assignments: 6 hrs

Self-study: 90 hrs

Teaching and Learning Methods:

1. Lectures in classroom, hybrid classroom, or online.

2. Reading and sharing: Students will read assigned articles, summarize, and discuss according to instructions.

Evaluation Scheme:

The evaluation scheme is organized as follows:

Reading assignment and sharing 20%;

presentation 20%; and online exam 60%.

Grade A is awarded if students have a thorough understanding of the theories and analytical frameworks taught in the course, and are able to make a critical and comparative assessment of these theories and frameworks.

Grade B will be awarded to students who are able to use the theories and analytical frameworks adequately to assess case studies.

Grade C is for below-expected understanding.

Grade D is for students with very poor understanding of the theories and analytical frameworks taught.

Grade F is for students who do not meet the minimum standard for earning credits.

A Dr. Takuji W. Tsusaka